RECHERCHES GENERALES SUR L´ORGANOGRAPHIE, LA PHYSIOLOGIE ET L´ORGANOGENIE DES VEGETAUX.
Paris by Fortin, Masson & Co., booksellers., 1841. 1 volume softcover In4. Book adorned with 18 lithographs, Imprimerie Royale MDCCCXLI.
Par Charles Gaudichaud Beaupré.
Back cover of the book.
Extrait des memoires de l´institut de France
The collection in this section:
a)-1 complete book with text, containing 18 hand-colored lithographs designed according to its guidelines by the artist Borromée, ?, (1828 - 1850) edited in 1841, where Charles Gaudichaud Beaupré explains his famous general research of Organography, physiology and organogenesis of plants, (Montyon Award).
b)-1 lithograph test in black, made by Borromée, ?, (1828 - 1850)
c)-Eighteen watercolors by the botanical artist Borromée, ?, (1828 - 1850) in 1838 and to be reproduced as lithographs for the book “Recherches Generales sur l´Organographie, la Physiologie et l´Organogenie des Vegetaux".
CHARLES GAUDICHAUD BEAUPRÉ.
Member of the France Institute, (Academy of Sciences), Philomath Society of Paris, Royal Medicine Academy of Paris, Royal Sciences Academy of Berlin, Nature Curious Academy of Bonn, Royal Botanical Society of Regensburg, Linnaean Society of Calvados, Medical Society of Rio de Janeiro, Natural history Society of Ill-de-France.
(Prix Montyon) are a series of prizes awarded annually by the Académie Française. They were endowed by the French benefactor Baron de Montyon.
Prior to start of the French Revolution, the Baron de Montyon established a series of prizes to be given away by the Académie Française, the Académie des Sciences, and the Académie Nationale de Médecine. These were abolished by the National Convention, but were taken up again when Baron de Montyon returned to France in 1815. When he died, he bequeathed a large sum of money for the perpetual endowment of four annual prizes. The endowed prizes were as follows:
• Making an industrial process less unhealthy
• Perfecting of any technical improvement in a mechanical process
• Book which during the year rendered the greatest service to humanity
• The "prix de vertu" for the most courageous act on the part of a poor Frenchman
These prizes were considered by some to be a forerunner of the Nobel Prize.
Antoine Jean Baptiste Robert Auget, Baron de Montyon (23 December 1733 – 29 December 1820) was a French philanthropist, born in Paris.
His father was a maître des comptes; he was educated for the law, and became lawyer at the Châtelet in 1755, maître des requêtes to the Conseil d'État in 1760, and intendant successively of Auvergne, Provence and La Rochelle. He had repeatedly shown great independence of character, protesting against the accusation of Louis-René de Caradeuc de La Chalotais in 1766, and refusing in 1771 to suppress the local courts of justice in obedience to Maupeou. He was made a councillor of state in 1775 by the influence of Louis de Bourbon, duke of Penthièvre, and in 1780 he was attached to the court in the honorary office of chancellor to the comte d'Artois (afterwards Charles X). He followed the princes into exile, and lived for some years in London. During the emigration period he spent large sums on the alleviation of the poverty of his fellow immigrants, returning to France only at the second restoration.
Between 1780 and 1787 he had founded a series of prizes, the awards to be made by the French academy and the academies of science and medicine. These prizes fell into abeyance during the revolutionary period, but were re-established in 1815. When Montyon died, he bequeathed 10,000 francs for the perpetual endowment of each of the following prizes: for the discovery of the means of rendering some mechanical process less dangerous to the workman; for the perfecting of any technical improvement in a mechanical process; for the book which during the year rendered the greatest service to humanity; the "prix de vertu" for the most courageous act on the part of a poor Frenchman; the awards being left as before to the learned academies. He also left 10,000 francs to each of the Parisian hospitals.
Montyon wrote a series of works, chiefly on political economy:
• Éloge de Michel de l'hôpital (Paris, 1777)
• Recherches et considérations sur la population de la France (1778), a share of which is attributed to his secretary, Moheau
• Rapport fait à Louis XVIII (Constance, 1796), in which he maintained in opposition to Calonne's Tableau de l'Europe that France had always possessed a constitution, which had, however, been violated by the kings of France
• L'état statistique du Tunkin (1811); and Particularités... sur les ministres des finances en France (1812).